The White Tower of Thessaloniki Greece, Macedonia
The White Tower, is the symbol of Thessaloniki. The tower is 33,90m high, with circular shape and a diameter of 22,70m. It has six floors that connect to each other with stairs. The tower dates from the period of the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent (1520- 1566). It was built as part of the city’s fortification, on the site of another tower, which was probably constructed by French knights, after the Crusaders conquered Constantinople.
The Roman Market
The Roman Market, is located close to the city centre. It was in function for 8 entire centuries, from the foundation of the town in the 5th century BC till the early Byzantine times, in the 5th century AD. Remains of a theatre, a square, an arched street, a mint and a marketplace have been unearted, while excavations and restoration works are being continued today.
The Rotonda (or Rotunda) is an impressive circular building in the centre of Thessaloniki. It was originally constructed by Roman general Galerius in about 300 AD and in the late 4th century AD, it was turned into a Christian church and decorated with nice frescoes. When the town was conquered by the Ottomans, Rotonda was turned into a mosque. After it was liberated in the early 19th century, it first became a church again and then a sculpture museum.
The Arch of Galerius
Mostly known as Kamara, the Arch of Galerius was constructed in 305 AD to celebrate and commemorate the final victory of Roman general Galerius over the Persians. This victory is the main theme of the carved scenes on this arch, which was connected with the Palace of Galerius and the Rotonda. Today, Kamara is a popular passage way and meeting point in Thessaloniki.
There are basically four hammams in Thessaloniki, all constructed during the Ottoman period of the town (1430-1912). Some of them are closed, while others have been turned into exhibitinal rooms.
Thessaloniki has many churches that survive from the early Christian and the Byzantine churches. In fact, these churches have been declared world heritage monuments by Unesco. These churches survive pretty well today and are spread all over the town. The church of Saint Demetrius (Agios Dimitrios) is the most famous, as he is the patron saint of Thessaloniki.